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THE MODEL ECONOMIC COOPERATION STRATEGY
PLAN OF ACTION
 

Annex 5
Lao PDR – Myanmar Bilateral Projects (LM)
Sister Cities
LM.1. Luang Prabang (L) – Mandalay (M) (to be confirmed)
LM.2. Tonpheung (L) - Wan Pung (M) (to be confirmed)

Group 1: Trade and Investment Cooperation

LM.3. To encourage the promotion of border trade and increased use of Myanmar-Laos currencies for border trade transactions.
LM.4. Facilitate transit shipment of goods to third country.
LM.5. Establish contact points to facilitate the exchange of trade information (Myanmar’s Ministry of Commerce and Laos’ Foreign Trade Department – to be confirmed).
LM.6. To conduct/ participate trade exhibitions.
LM.7. To conduct market festival at the border area of the two countries.
LM.8. To start the operation of border trade at the Won Kyin - Xieng Kok and  Won Pon – Mouang Mom border check points.
LM.9. Arrange frequent visits between public and private sectors of both sides.

Group 2: Agricultural and Industrial Cooperation
Agricultural Cooperation

LM.10. Exchange of plant germplasm for food and industrial crops.
LM.11. Exchange of information on plant genetic resources and crop production technologies.
LM.12. Strengthening of sanitary and phyto-sanitary regulation/ standardization and capacity.
LM.13. Study on demand and supply of key agricultural products.
LM.14. Strengthen technical cooperation on seeds production, forestry and fishery at Tonpheung Agricultural Centre between Laos and Myanmar

Industrial Cooperation
LM.15. To encourage the cooperation between Laos and Myanmar in the field of industry and mining.

Group 3: Transport Linkages and Cooperation
LM.16. To conduct the feasibility study for the construction and find the source of funding for the Laos-Myanmar Friendship Bridge over the Mekong River.
LM.17. To revitalize air linkage between Yangon and Vientiane and encourage the possible air linkage between Mandalay and Luang Prabang.

Group 4: Tourism Cooperation
Short-term

LM.18. Feasibility study of Joint Marketing and Promotion to be known as a single destination based on culture, history, religion, festivals and ecotourism.
LM.19. Revitalization of air linkage between Yangon and Vientiane.
LM.20. Upgrading of border check points.
LM.21. Relaxation of entry formalities.
LM.22. Encourage the participation of private sector in promoting tourism between the two countries.
LM.23. Feasibility study of the joint tourism promotion among Laos, Myanmar and Thailand in the Golden Triangle area.

Long-term
LM.24. Feasibility study of ecotourism development of both countries.
LM.25. Improvement of land and waterway transportation.
LM.26. Strengthening of long-term relationship in the human resource development and exchange of information.
LM.27. Planning for construction of a friendship bridge in border area.

Group 5: Human Resource Development
HRD is incorporated in the above four areas of cooperation.

Annex 6
Bilateral Projects between Lao PDR – Thailand
Proposed Sister-Cities

LT.1. Savannakhet – Mukdahan (Short term)
LT.2. Ton Pheung – Chiang Saen
LT.3. Houay Sai – Chiang Khong
LT.4. Thakhek – Nakhon Phanom
LT.5. Pakse – Ubon Ratchatani
LT.6. Muang Nguen – Houay Kon (to be considered)
LT.7. Vientiane – Nong Khai

Group 1: Trade and Investment Cooperation
LT.8. Promotion of trade and investment to the existing Special Economic Zones (Savan - Seno) or industrial estates and border trade zones
LT.9. Expansion of coverage under GSP and AISP offered by Thailand
LT.10. Reviews of rules and regulation to facilitate 2-way trade
LT.11. Exchange of investment mission between DDFI and BOI
LT.12. Intensifying exchange of trade and investment fairs in public and private sectors
LT.13. Cooperation between Thai-Laos Customs Department
LT.14. Facilitation of cross-border transport of goods and transit of goods to/from the third country
LT.15. Assistance on the production of goods in Laos and market access
LT.16. Study on economic structure in the future in labor intensive sectors such as agriculture
LT.17. Establishment of ECS Business Council (to be considered)
LT.18. Feasibility Study for the establishment of wholesale markets and distribution centers in Lao PDR and border areas
LT.19. Establishment of one-stop-service centers at the border checkpoints
LT.20. Feasibility study on the implementation of barter trade and account trade system

Group 2: Agricultural and Industrial Cooperation
Agricultural Cooperation

LT.21. Contract farming for field crops production: soybean, corn, peanut, cashew nut, castor bean, potato and livestock.
LT.22. Establishment of storage for agricultural products in Lao PDR
LT.23. Strengthening of sanitary and phyto-sanitary regulation/ standardization and capacity.

Industrial Cooperation
LT.24. Feasibility study on the establishment of industrial estate in Savan-Seno in Lao PDR
LT.25. Feasibility study for the establishment of the center for commodity processing and distribution in Mukdahan
LT.26. Promotion of SMEs/SMIs cooperation
LT.27. Continue to cooperate in energy sector, especially in hydro power.

Group 3: Transport Linkages and Cooperation
LT.28. Chiang Khong – Houay Sai – Luang Nam Tha – Boten Route
LT.29. Huaikon – Pak Beng Route and extension to Hongsa - Luang Prabang Route
LT.30. Bridge over Mekong River connecting Mukdahan and Savannakhet
LT.31. Nong Khai – Tha Na Lang Railway Project
LT.32. Bridge over the Huang River
LT.33. Improve and upgrade border checkpoints to the transit checkpoint for goods and passengers and facilities at Chiang Khong – Houay Sai and Vang Tao – Chong Mek
LT.34. Feasibility study on the construction of Mekong bridge at Houay Sai – Chiang Khong
LT.35. Increase border checkpoints at Chiang Saen, Xieng kok and Tonpheung (Thai request)

Group 4: Tourism Cooperation
LT.36. Feasibility study of joint tourism route between Ubon Ratchathani - Pakse
LT.37. Exploring of feasibility study on eco-tourism along border Lao-Thai in southern part of Laos
LT.38. Caravan tour and bicycle tours
LT.39. Organize FAM TRIP for medias and tour operators from the third country
LT.40. Thailand proposes to waive cross-border fee for Laos citizen entering Thailand at Thai border checkpoints
LT.41. Feasibility study on the introduction of joint smart card for temporary entry
LT.42. Review of the extent of access via temporary border pass
LT.43. Feasibility study of the introduction of joint visa, including visa fees

Group 5: Human Resource Development

LT.44. Technical assistance and training on farm product cultivation, including development of plant protection system, training on crop production and processing, training on creating activities of One Village One Product on crops
LT.45. Organize workshop and training courses including field visits of OTOP of Thailand to Laos authorities dealing with OVOP
LT.46. Post-graduated scholarship on industrial, handicraft and mining sector to Lao students
LT.47. Technical assistance in the study of appropriate regulatory and management framework for Savan - Seno Industrial estate
LT.48. Research for potential projects in Savan-Seno Industrial estate
LT.49. Scholarship to Laotian students in Savannakhet on vocational education in Mukdahan
LT.50. Scholarship and training courses related to the 5 areas of ECS cooperation

Annex 7 :
Bilateral Projects between Myanmar and Thailand
Showcase, Immediate and Short Term Projects, Programs and Cooperation Arrangements (2003 - 2005) Proposed Sister Cities
MT.1. Myawaddy – Mae Sot
MT.2. Tachilek – Mae Sai
MT.3. Koh Song – Ranong
MT.4. Phaya Thone Zu – Three Pagodas
MT.5. Dawei – Kanchanaburi
MT.6. Bokpyin – Bang Sapan
MT.7. Myeik – Phuket
MT.8. Kyaing Tong – Chiang Rai
MT.9. Mandalay – Chiang Mai
MT.10. Yangon – Bangkok

Group 1: Trade and Investment Cooperation

MT.11. Encouragement of increased use of Myanmar-Thai currencies for border trade.
MT.12. Implementation of account trade.
MT.13. Facilitation of transit shipment of goods to third country.
MT.14. Expansion of the products under AISP.
MT.15. Facilitation the exchange of trade information.
MT.16. Promotion of Thai investment in Myanmar.
MT.17. Promotion of export oriented investment opportunities.
MT.18. Promotion of joint trade fairs and trade missions.
MT.19. Feasibility study for the establishment of wholesale markets and distribution centers at border areas.
MT.20. Establishment of Myanmar-Thai ECS Business Council.
MT.21. One stop service center in tourism and trade in Myanmar at the border areas.

Group 2: Agricultural and Industrial Cooperation
Agricultural Cooperation

MT.22. Promotion of contract farming of potential cash crops (i.e., corn, soybean, maize, castor bean, fruits and vegetables) and livestock in Myawaddy and Tachilek.
MT.23. Collaborative research on varietal improvement, production and processing technology for potential food crops and industrial crops.
MT.24. Strengthening and standardization of sanitary and phytosanitary for food crops and livestock
MT.25. Exploration of market opportunities for key agricultural products.
MT.26. Feasibility study on the production of food crops and value added products.
MT.27. Exchange of plant germplasm of food and industrial crops.
MT.28. Joint venture for production of hybrid seeds of corn, vegetables and flowers.
MT.29. Technical assistance and training courses on field crops such as soybean, castor bean, maize, potato and cashew nut.
MT.30. Two-way technical assistance and training on forestry.

Industrial Cooperation
MT.31. Feasibility study on the establishment of agro-based industries in border areas.
MT.32. Feasibility study of Special Border Economic Zone in Myawaddy - Mae Sot.
MT.33. Feasibility study on the establishment of industrial estate in Mawlamyine and Pa-an.
MT.34. Negotiation of Agreement on the Promotion and Protection of Investment.
MT.35. Development of hydropower project at Thanlwin River, and power generated from natural gas project via Mae-Sot – Myawaddy – Pa-an – Thaton –Yangon.

Group 3: Transport Linkages and Cooperation

Showcase, Immediate and Short-Term Projects, Programs and Cooperation Arrangements (2003-2005):
MT.36. Expedite construction of the 2nd Friendship Bridge (Tachilek – Mae Sai).
MT.37. Expedite road construction from Mae Sot – Myawaddy – Pa-an – Thaton.
MT.38. Development of Myawaddy – Kawkareik – Mudon – Mawlamyine.
MT.38. Training course on road planning, design, construction, maintenance and management.
MT.39. Training course on road planning, design, construction, maintenance and management.
Medium to Long-Term Myanmar-Thailand (CT) Projects, Programs and Cooperation Arrangements (2003-2012)
MT.40. Development of Phaya Thone Zu – Thanbyuzayat – Mawlamyine Road.

Group 4: Tourism Cooperation

Showcase, Immediate and Short-Term Projects, Programs and Cooperation Arrangements (2003-2005):
MT.41. Organizing of friendship caravan tours and cross country tours.
MT.42. Implementation of Two Countries – One Destination Joint Tours.
MT.43. Relaxation of entry formalities and regulations.
MT.44. Development of air linkages between Yangon – Bangkok and Mandalay – Chiang Mai.
MT.45. Kawthaung and Phuket as Sister Cities for tourism development.
MT.46. Implementation of Agreement on Tourism Cooperation between Thailand and Myanmar signed on 24th July 1998.
MT.47. Participation of Myanmar’s tour operators in various tourism promotion in Thailand.
MT.48. Cooperation in promotional materials distribution.
MT.49. Opening of potential border points of entry.
MT.50. Feasibility study on on-land route tourism along the GMS’ East-West Economic Corridor.
Medium to Long-Term Myanmar-Thailand (CT) Projects, Programs and Cooperation Arrangements (2003-2012)
MT.51. Feasibility study of combined destination programs in Andaman and Myeik Archipelago.
MT.52. Joint promotion of potential tourist sites of both nations.
MT.53. Transfer of information technology for tourism industry.
MT.54. Exchange of information for long-term tourism relationship.
MT.55. Development of Asian Highway road linkages.
MT.56. Feasibility study of marine tourism development in the region

Group 5: Human Resource Development
MT.57. Provision of the following training courses
a. Export promotion strategy
b. Rules and regulations of imports and exports
c. Basic training on account trade practice
d. Financial services and management
e. Trade and investment policy
f. Rules and regulations of trade and investment
g. GSP and international trade practice
h. WTO agreement implementation
i. Promotion of SME enterprises
j. Competition policy and economic development
k. Arrangement & management of trade exhibition
l. Management of electronic commerce
m. Special program for post-graduate study in international trade, marketing, business administration, information technology, economic and finance
n. Management of agricultural sustainable development
o. Field crops development
p. Post harvest rice processing
q. Parboiling process technology
r. Electric power generating technology from Husk
s. Grain storage and handling technology
t. Rubber roll and abrasive roll production technology
u. Bran oil extraction and refining and bran stabilizing
v. Livestock management
w. Reservation and conservation of living species
x. Forestry management
y. Risk assessment in environmental aspect
z. Planning and development for electrical power system
aa. Maintenance and management of electrical power house
bb. Vocational training for industrial laborers
cc. Feasibility studies on construction & maintenance projects (conducted in various aspects:
economic, engineering and environmental)
dd. Cross-border traffic systematic management
ee. Management and maintenance of roads and bridges
ff. Ecological tourism
gg. Reservation and conservation of tourism resources
hh. Hotel/accommodation management
ii. Tourist Police
jj. Tourism service providers

MT.58. Projects
a. Trade Point/ Trade Net (Short Term)
b. Trade Information Services (Immediate Term)
c. Electric Power Generating from Husk
d. Rice Bran Oil Mill Project
2.9. Provide support services in research and development;
2.10. Strengthen programs in food and agriculture technology transfer, training and extension to increase productivity and food safety;
2.11. Enhance cooperation in Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary Standards (SPS).

Industrial Cooperation:
The objective is to promote ECS industrial cooperation in particular in industrial estate in strategic areas.
2.12. Capitalize on the existing GSP and MFN status to increase market access to industrialized countries by expanding industrial and agricultural facilities among the CLMT countries;
2.13. Promote co-production ventures in industrial estates in strategic areas;
2.14. Establish clustered networking and strategic alliances with the private sector to promote investment opportunities in order to promote import substitution and the growth of entrepreneurial skills;
2.15. Ensure sustainable energy supply by promoting joint development of petroleum resources in the overlapping areas and establishing partnership in developing hydropower;
2.16. Institute the implementation modalities for the realization of the sub-regional power transmission networks;
2.17. Share experiences and render assistance in developing legal framework for industrialization among the CLMT countries;
2.18. Provide maximum encouragement to the employment of labor in the CLMT countries in the production process;
2.19. Establish R&D and Skills Development Centers;
2.20. Develop a modern, dynamic, competitive and efficient SME sector by addressing priority areas of human resource development, information dissemination, access to technology and technology sharing, finance and marketing;
2.21. Establish national export financing/credit guarantee schemes for SMEs in strategic areas of cooperation;
2.22. Promote information networking between existing SME-related organizations in the CLMT countries and organize regular joint training programs and seminars for SMEs;
2.23. Enhance the development of geological and mineral resources through the exchange of information, publication and strengthening cooperation among the CLMT countries;
2.24. Enhance trade and industry technical infrastructure in laboratory testing, calibration, certification and accreditation;
2.25. Promote investment in supporting infrastructures through the development of ‘economic corridors’, ‘inter-corridor linkages’ and ‘special economic zones’;
2.26. Enhance incentive investment packages among CLMT countries, in strategic areas joint publications of investment and business information as well as databases and statistics;
2.27. Develop agro-processing industries.

3. Transport Linkages
The objective is to develop and utilize transport linkages among CLMT countries to facilitate trade, investment, agricultural and industrial production, and tourism.
3.1. Attach first priorities (immediate-to-short term status) of transport linkages to existing/ongoing transport projects, as well as projects with the highest potential of short term economic return; second priorities (medium-to-long term status) to other projects that are complimentary to the first priority projects;
3.2. Utilize existing routes and corridors in the CLMT countries by implementing existing ASEAN and Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Framework Agreements on Goods in Transit and Cross-border Transport and implementing Protocols Annexes to facilitate the movement of goods and people in transit;
3.3. Promote technical cooperation in areas related to transport linkages;
3.4. Promote possible public-private partnerships in transport linkage delivery system.

4. Tourism Cooperation
The objective is to promote joint strategy for tourism cooperation among the CLMT countries in order to facilitate travels of people from outside and within the region.
4.1. Conduct joint promotion and marketing of the sub-region and convene top-level tourism marketing missions to promote the CLMT countries;
4.2. Jointly promote existing and explore new forms of tourism development, in which the natural and cultural resources are preserved;
4.3. Cooperate to enhance tourism safety and security;
4.4. Develop a joint CLMT tourism website/ information database;
4.5. Establish a network of tourism training centers and develop trainers and training materials for employment across the CLMT;
4.6. Upgrade international border checkpoints to promote cross-border facilitation and ease travel into and within the CLMT countries;
4.7. Cooperate and promote air linkages among the CLMT countries.

5. Human Resource Development
The CLMT countries will cooperate to increase capacity of their peoples and institutions to prepare them for global competitiveness through the following activities:
5.1. Identify each country's needs and expertise to mutually promote and implement capacity building and HRD in the strategic areas of ECS and related sectors;
5.2. Intensify and strengthen existing institutional linkages and university networks;
5.3. Develop ECS integrated HRD strategy;
5.4. Promote and strengthen effective technical cooperation in HRD, R&D, infrastructure development, SME and supporting industry development, information and industrial technology development;
5.5. Identify and seek cooperation from other countries and international organizations for ECS activities.

Conclusion

In order to facilitate implementation o f the Plan of Action, as a part of the Bagan Declaration, the four countries shall carry out projects in the order of priority set out in the annexes of the Plan of Action.
The progress of implementation shall be reviewed biennially.

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